A bunion is a painful bump that often develops at the base of the big toe, causing the big toe to be pushed towards the other toes. The bunion forms around the joint that bends when the patient walks, and this can cause pain because weight is being applied on the swollen joint. Often, the protruding joint also causes calluses to form as it rubs against shoes.
If you feel the joint of your big toe hurting when you walk or wear tighter fitting shoes, you may have bunions. In this case, you should stop wearing tight shoes such as high heels and avoid placing pressure on the toe by resting.
You may consider getting bunion pads to relieve the pain and position the toe in a more comfortable position. To heal the bunion and improve alignment, see a podiatrist who can provide a customised orthotic device for your condition.
At NATRAHEA Podiatry Specialist Clinic, bunions are treated by our podiatrists who offer a treatment plan that aims to correct the deformity, relieve pain and prevent the condition from recurring.
Customised Orthotics: Custom-built orthotic devices can help to correct deformities over time, provide support and improve overall function of the affected foot.
Wide-Toe Shoes: Wearing wide-toe shoes will give your feet and toes space to move. This reduces pressure on the bunion and helps the foot regain its proper shape over time.
Bunion Pads: While bunion pads do not treat the inflamed joint, it can help to relieve pain as it slightly corrects the form of the affected toe and acts as a buffer between the bump and the shoe.
Corns and calluses are hardened layers of skin that develop due to friction and pressure from ill-fitting shoes or impact from running or walking. Corns and calluses only become an issue when they cause pain or sensitivity to the affected area. However, patients with diabetes are at greater risk as complications may develop from infections and fissures. If this is the case, diabetic patients are advised to seek help from a podiatrist to manage their corns and calluses. In the meantime, wear loose fitting shoes to reduce the pressure and friction on your feet.
To reduce sensitivity and friction around the callused area or corns, the podiatrist may trim away some excess skin with a scalpel. This should not be done at home as it could lead to broken skin and infection if done incorrectly. Alternatively, the podiatrist may apply corn/callus removal medication. Once the corn and calluses have been removed, the podiatrist might recommend customized orthotic devices to reduce pressure on your feet and prevent corns and calluses from recurring.
Diabetic wound care requires special attention because wounds on diabetic patients often take longer to heal and are more susceptible to infection. At a podiatry clinic, the podiatrist will clean and treat diabetic foot wounds specially to prevent infection and promote healing. The priority in diabetic wound care is infection prevention as infections can cause serious complications and may even result in amputations in severe cases.
The key factors in diabetic wound healing and infection prevention are:
Physical therapy for the feet can be very helpful in cases after surgery or injury. In these cases, the foot often cannot bear much weight and has limited mobility, hence physical therapy can be used to strengthen the foot in recovery and regain mobility so that the patient can walk and perform functionally well after surgery or injury.
Physical therapy is a broad term that encompasses various treatment methods such as targeted exercises, joint manipulation, dry needling and stretching. The various options in physical therapy can help to correct imbalances in the ankle, knee and ensure the foot strengthens and heals in the right way.
Sports taping applies specialized sports tape around the injured foot and/or ankle to limit motion and provide support so that the injury can heal. Taping is a specialized skill performed by podiatrists to isolate and protect weakened or injured joints with the sports tape to promote healing.
This treatment method aims to prevent aggravation to an existing injury by providing stability and restricting mobility. This gives the injury time to heal and reduces swelling. Taping is also a more comfortable option compared to a cast as it is breathable and flexible, allowing the patient to complete most of his daily functional activities.
Sports taping can be used for conditions such as plantar fasciitis, ankle sprains and more.